publication . Article . 2020

A theory of challenge and threat states in athletes: A revised conceptualisation

Meijen, Carla; Turner, Martin; Jones, Marc; Sheffield, David; McCarthy, Paul;
Open Access English
  • Published: 16 Jan 2020
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media
The Theory of Challenge and Threat States in Athletes (TCTSA) provides a psychophysiological framework for how athletes anticipate motivated performance situations. The purpose of this review is to discuss how research has addressed the 15 predictions made by the TCTSA, to evaluate the mechanisms underpinning the TCTSA in light of the research that has emerged in the last ten years, and to inform a revised TCTSA (TCTSA-R). There was support for many of the 15 predictions in the TCTSA, with two main areas for reflection identified; to understand the physiology of challenge and to re-evaluate the concept of resource appraisals. This re-evaluation informs the TCTSA...
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