publication . Article . 2003

El Chichón Volcano (Chiapas Volcanic Belt, Mexico) Transitional Calc-Alkaline to Adakitic-Like Magmatism: Petrologic and Tectonic Implications

Ignacio San José, Cristina de; Castiñeiras García, Pedro; Márquez González, Álvaro; Oyarzun, Roberto; Lillo Ramos, F. Javier; López Ruiz-Labranderas, Iván;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2003
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Country: Spain
Abstract
The rocks of the 1982 eruption of El Chichón volcano (Chiapas, Mexico) display a series of geochemical and mineralogical features that make them a special case within the NW-trending Chiapas volcanic belt. The rocks are transitional between normal arc and adakitic-like trends. They are anhydrite-rich, and were derived from a water-rich, highly oxidized sulfur-rich magma, thus very much resembling adakitic magmas (e.g., the 1991 Pinatubo eruption). We propose that these rocks were generated within a complex plate tectonic scenario involving a torn Cocos plate (Tehuantepec fracture zone) and the ascent of hot asthenospheric mantle. The latter is supported by an ou...
Subjects
free text keywords: Petrología
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