publication . Article . Other literature type . 2017

Buckwheat: a crop from outside the major Chinese domestication centres? A review of the archaeobotanical, palynological and genetic evidence.

Hunt, Harriet; Shang, Xue; Jones, Martin;
Open Access
  • Published: 31 Oct 2017 Journal: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany (issn: 0939-6314, eissn: 1617-6278, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
The two cultivated species of buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum (common buckwheat) and F. tataricum (Tartary buckwheat) are Chinese domesticates whose origins are usually thought to lie in upland southwestern China, outside the major centres of agricultural origins associated with rice and millet. Synthesis of the macro- and microfossil evidence for buckwheat cultivation in China found just 26 records across all time periods, of which the majority are pollen finds. There are few or no identifying criteria distinguishing F. esculentum and F. tataricum for any sample type. The earliest plausibly agricultural Fagopyrum occurs in northern China from the mid-6th millen...
Subjects
free text keywords: Archaeology, Plant Science, Palaeontology, Palynology, Agriculture, business.industry, business, China, Horticulture, Fagopyrum, biology.organism_classification, biology, Ecology, Pollen, medicine.disease_cause, medicine, Domestication, Holocene, Crop, Geography, Original Article, Buckwheat, Crop domestication, Agricultural origins, Polygonaceae
Funded by
EC| FOGLIP
Project
FOGLIP
Food Globalisation in Prehistory
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 249642
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP2 | ERC
Communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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publication . Article . Other literature type . 2017

Buckwheat: a crop from outside the major Chinese domestication centres? A review of the archaeobotanical, palynological and genetic evidence.

Hunt, Harriet; Shang, Xue; Jones, Martin;