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Evaluasi Kesesuaian Lahan Untuk Tanaman Jeruk Siam (Citrus nobilis LOUR var.microcarpa Haskk) di Nagari Koto Tinggi Kecamatan Gunuang Omeh Kabupaten Lima Puluh Kota

Authors: elsy, mardisa yulia;

Evaluasi Kesesuaian Lahan Untuk Tanaman Jeruk Siam (Citrus nobilis LOUR var.microcarpa Haskk) di Nagari Koto Tinggi Kecamatan Gunuang Omeh Kabupaten Lima Puluh Kota

Abstract

EVALUASI KESESUAIAN LAHAN UNTUK TANAMAN JERUK SIAM (Citrus nobilis LOUR var.microcarpa Hassk) DI NAGARI KOTO TINGGI KECAMATAN GUNUANG OMEH KABUPATEN LIMA PULUH KOTA ABSTRAK Jeruk siam merupakan tanaman hortikultura yang umum ditanami di Kecamatan Gunuang Omeh khususnya di Nagari Koto Tinggi. Data BPS pada tahun 2012-2016 menunjukan produksi jeruk siam mengalami fluktuasi setiap tahunnya. Untuk itu perlu dilakukan penelitian dengan judul “Evaluasi Kesesuaian Lahan Untuk Tanaman Jeruk Siam di Nagari Koto Tinggi Kecamatan Gunuang Omeh Kabupaten Lima Puluh Kota”. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kelas kesesuaian lahan aktual dan potensial pada tingkat sub kelas untuk tanaman jeruk siam di Nagari Koto Tinggi Kecamatan Gunuang Omeh Kabupaten Lima Puluh Kota. Penelitian ini terdiri dari 2 (dua) tahap yaitu survei lapangan di Nagari Koto Tinggi Kecamatan Gunuang Omeh Kabupaten Lima Puluh Kota dan analisis tanah di laboratorium Jurusan Tanah Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Andalas, Padang. Berdasarkan pengamatan di Lapangan dan analisis peta, wilayah penelitian dibagi menjadi 3 satuan lahan. Satuan lahan 1 (Inceptisol, 0-8%, Kebun Campuran), satuan lahan 2 (Inceptisol, 8-15%, Kebun Campuran), dan satuan lahan 3 (Inceptisol, 15-25%, Kebun Campuran). Pengklasifikasian evaluasi kesesuaian lahan dilakukan dengan metoda (matching) yaitu membandingkan nilai kualitas dan karakteristik lahan dengan persyaratan tumbuh tanaman. Hasil penelitian pada kesesuaian lahan untuk tanaman jeruk siam adalah pada satuan lahan 1 (Inceptisol, 0-8% Kebun Campuran) kelas kesesuaian lahan aktual termasuk kelas cukup sesuai (S2) dengan subkelas S2w,r,fn dengan faktor pembatas curah hujan, media perakaran, retensi hara berupa KTK dan pH H2O dan hara tersedia berupa K2O, Satuan lahan 2 (Inceptisol, 8-15% Kebun Campuran) kelas kesesuaian lahan aktual termasuk kelas sesuai marjinal (S3) dengan subkelas S3f dengan faktor pembatas retensi hara, dan satuan lahan 3 (Inceptisol, 15-25% Kebun Campuran) kelas kesesuaian lahan aktual termasuk kelas sesuai marjinal (S3) dengan subkelas S3f,e dengan faktor pembatas retensi hara berupa pH H2O dan tingkat bahaya erosi (lereng). Sedangkan kelas kesesuaian lahan potensial pada satuan lahan 1 termasuk kelas cukup sesuai (S2) dengan subkelas S2w,r dengan faktor pembatas curah hujan dan media perakaran berupa kedalaman efektif, satuan lahan 2 termasuk kelas cukup sesuai (S2) dengan subkelas S2w,f dengan faktor pembatas curah hujan dan retensi hara (pH H2O), dan satuan lahan 3 termasuk kelas cukup sesuai (S2) dengan subkelas S2w,f,e dengan faktor pembatas curah hujan, retensi hara berupa pH H2O dan tingkat bahaya erosi (lereng). Kata sandi: kesesuaian lahan, jeruk siam, Gunuang Omeh, Koto Tinggi

Country
Indonesia
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Keywords

S Agriculture (General)

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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