publication . Article . 2012

What Does It Mean to Be in Touch With Oneself? Testing a Social Character Model of Self-congruence

Todd R. Schachtman; Alexander Gunz; Kennon M. Sheldon;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2012
  • Publisher: Taylor and Francis (Routledge)
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
What does it mean to be in or out of touch with oneself? Using undergraduate samples we tested a new conception and measure of self-congruence, based on the social character that people inhabit in their interpersonal lives. The measure quantifies whether the Big Five traits of a person's typical social character are consistent with the traits of his/her unguarded self. Study 1 (N = 135) showed that the non-discrepant character measure predicted subjective well-being (SWB), independently of the traits (i.e., low neuroticism, high extraversion) comprising the measure. The association with SWB was also independent of Goldman and Kernis's (2002) Likert-based measure...
Subjects
free text keywords: General Psychology, Authenticity, Psychological needs, Self-concept differentiation, Self-congruence, /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200, Psychology(all), Neuroticism, Extraversion and introversion, Likert scale, Social character, Big Five personality traits, Congruence (geometry), Interpersonal interaction, Social psychology, Psychology, Interpersonal communication, Developmental psychology
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