Reutilization of low-grade magnesium oxides for flue gas desulfurization during calcination of natural magnesite: A closed-loop process
del Valle Zermeño, Ricardo
Formosa Mitjans, Joan
Chimenos Ribera, Josep Maria
DRY-DESULFURIZATION | ABSORPTION | Building materials -- Thermal properties | WASTE-WATER | Magnesium oxide by-products | SO2 REMOVAL | Magnesite calcination | BY-PRODUCTS | Wet flue gas desulfurization | SORBENT | LIMESTONE | OPTIMIZATION | Materials de construcció -- Reciclatge | :Edificació::Materials de construcció::Nous materials de construcció [Àrees temàtiques de la UPC] | Low-grade magnesium oxides | FLY-ASH | Magnesia | PILOT-PLANT
The European Commission is encouraging the Cement, Lime and Magnesium Oxide Manufacturing Industries to reutilize collected particulate matter or wastes in the emission control of SO2 with a 100% removal efficiency. Following this directive, three different by-products from the calcination of natural magnesite were selected in order to evaluate their desulfurization capacity. The saturation time, defined as the time for the total neutralization of SO2 was used to determine consumption values at laboratory scale with 100% removal efficiency. The by-product LG-MgO (similar to 68% MgO) presented the lowest consumption value, with 2.9 kg per m(3) of SO2, three times the corresponding to the widely used high grade Ca(OH)(2). The liquid-to-gas (L/G) ratio was used for comparison to the industry and taking this into account, the final pH range before achieving saturation was 5.1-6.3. The residual solids obtained at the end of the process were mainly composed of unreacted magnesium and calcium compounds and reaction products CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O and MgSO4 center dot 6H(2)O which can be used as fertilizers. Therefore, the reutilization of these by-products in a wet flue gas desulfurization process is a feasible and sustainable choice that allows extending their life-cycle. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.