Using the heart rate variability for classifying patients with and without chronic heart failure and periodic breathing
Giraldo Giraldo, Beatriz
Téllez, Joan P.
- Publisher: EUETIB
Bioenginyeria | Chronic heart failure, Heart rate variability, Periodic breathing | :Enginyeria biomèdica::Electrònica biomèdica [Àrees temàtiques de la UPC] | Bioengineering
mesheuropmc: cardiovascular diseases | circulatory and respiratory physiology
Assessment of the dynamic interactions between cardiovascular signals can provide valuable information that improves the understanding of cardiovascular control. Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is known to provide information about the autonomic heart rate modulation mechanism. Using the HRV signal, we aimed to obtain parameters for classifying patients with and without chronic heart failure (CHF), and with periodic breathing (PB), non-periodic breathing (nPB), and Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) patterns. An electrocardiogram (ECG) and a respiratory flow signal were recorded in 36 elderly patients: 18 patients with CHF and 18 patients without CHF. According to the clinical criteria, the patients were classified into the follow groups: 19 patients with nPB pattern, 7 with PB pattern, 4 with Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR), and 6 non-classified patients (problems with respiratory signal). From the HRV signal, parameters in the time and frequency domain were calculated. Frequency domain parameters were the most discriminant in comparisons of patients with and without CHF: PTOT, PLF and fpHF. For the comparison of the nPB vs CSR patients groups, the best parameters were RMSSD and SDSD. Therefore, the parameters appear to be suitable for enhanced diagnosis of decompensated CHF patients and the possibility of developed periodic breathing and a CSR pattern.