Predicting on-site environmental impacts of municipal engineering works
Gangolells Solanellas, Marta
Casals Casanova, Miquel
Forcada Matheu, Núria
Macarulla Martí, Marcel
Municipal engineering projects | On-site environmental impacts | Sustainable construction | :Edificació::Construcció sostenible [Àrees temàtiques de la UPC] | Construction process | Construcció -- Aspectes ambientals | Sistemes de gestió mediambiental | Construction projects--Environmental aspects | EMAS | Building--Environmental aspects | EIA | Construcció sostenible | Construcció -- Planificació
The research findings fill a gap in the body of knowledge by presenting an effective way to evaluate the significance of on-site environmental impacts of municipal engineering works prior to the construction stage. First, 42 on-site environmental impacts of municipal engineering works were identified by means of a process-oriented approach. Then, 46 indicators and their corresponding significance limits were determined on the basis of a statistical analysis of 25 new-build and remodelling municipal engineering projects. In order to ensure the objectivity of the assessment process, direct and indirect indicators were always based on quantitative data from the municipal engineering project documents. Finally, two case studies were analysed and found to illustrate the practical use of the proposed model. The model highlights the significant environmental impacts of a particular municipal engineering project prior to the construction stage. Consequently, preventive actions can be planned and implemented during on-site activities. The results of the model also allow a comparison of proposed municipal engineering projects and alternatives with respect to the overall on-site environmental impact and the absolute importance of a particular environmental aspect. These findings are useful within the framework of the environmental impact assessment process, as they help to improve the identification and evaluation of on-site environmental aspects of municipal engineering works. The findings may also be of use to construction companies that are willing to implement an environmental management system or simply wish to improve on-site environmental performance in municipal engineering projects.