The effects of irrigation management on floral induction of ‘Tommy Atkins' mango in bahia semiarid

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Faria,Leandro N. ; Soares In memoriam,Antônio A. ; Donato,Sérgio L. R. ; Santos,Marcelo R. dos ; Castro,Luciana G. (2016)
  • Publisher: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola
  • Subject: Mangifera | controlled water deficit | irrigation strategies

ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate reduction strategies of irrigation for proper management of floral induction and production of 'Tommy Atkins' mangoes, in the semiarid region of the Bahia state, Brazil. Five treatments with reduced irrigation levels based on crop evapotranspiration (ETc) were applied in two development stages, FI - flowering and FII – fruiting. Water depths were T1 - 0% of ETc in FI and 100% in FII; T2 - 25% of ETc in FI and 100% in FII; T3 - 50% of ETc in FI and 100% in FII; T4 - 75% of ETc in FI and 100% in FII; and T5 - 100% of ETc in FI and FII. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with six replications. Photosynthesis and transpiration rates in phases FI and FII were larger at 8 am than at 2 pm, regardless of the strategies used. These strategies lead to smaller values ​​of photosynthesis, transpiration and leaf water potential within flowering stage. Productive characteristics were not affected by irrigation level reduction for flower induction process, only for the cycles evaluated. Strategies with 0% of ETc in FI and 100% in FII or 25% of ETc in FI and 100% in FII are appropriate to flower induction in 'Tommy Atkins' mango.
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