Chemical composition and fermentation characteristics of elephant grass silage with biodiesel industry co-products

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Cleef,Eric Haydt Castello Branco van ; Silva Filho,José Cleto da ; Neiva Júnior,Arnaldo Prata ; Patiño Pardo,René Maurício ; Rêgo,Aníbal Coutinho do ; Gonçalves,Josemir de Souza (2012)
  • Publisher: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
  • Subject: Jatropha curcas | Pennisetum purpureum | ensilage | in vitro digestibility | Raphanus sativus
    mesheuropmc: food and beverages

The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of three concentrations (3, 6, and 9%) of forage turnip (Raphanus sativus) and physic nut (Jatropha curcas) cakes on dry matter, crude protein, ether extract, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, lignin, acid detergent insoluble nitrogen neutral detergent insoluble nitrogen contents, in vitro dry matter digestibility, pH values and concentrations of N-NH3 in elephant grass silages. It was used an entirely randomized design in factorial arrangement [(2×3)+1]. Experimental PVC silos were used and ensiled material was kept for 62 days. The addition of cakes increased the dry matter contents (P<0.05). The fibrous fractions were reduced (P<0.05) with the inclusion of cakes during the grass ensilage and the CP contents increased (P<0.05). The forage turnip cake provided the same pH and N-NH3 values in ideal levels and the physic nut, added to 9%, increased those values (P<0.05). IVDMD was reduced (P<0.05) when the cakes were added. These co-products can be used in small amounts for elephant grass ensilage in order to provide improvement in chemical and fermentation characteristics of the silages. Nevertheless, physic nut cake shows limitations for its use in animal feeding due to the presence of toxic compounds, making necessary studies for their identification and elimination.
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