publication . Article . 2014

Hope and the Uncertain Future

Juhani Pietarinen;
Open Access Russian
  • Published: 01 Dec 2014 Journal: Wisdom (issn: 1829-3824, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Армянский государственный педагогический университет имени Хачатура Абовяна
<jats:p>Benedict Spinoza defined hope as an inconstant joy – inconstant, because hope involves uncertainty and doubt. Hope means optimism mixed with pe­ssimistic feelings. For Spinoza, hope amounts to an increase in our inherent active power, in our vitality or love of life, but because of being associated with fear, hope also involves something which is apt to re­duce this power. Our beliefs concerning future out­comes are crucial here. They form the ultimate basis of our hope.</jats:p>
free text keywords: HOPE,FEAR,UNCERTAINTY,ACTIVE POWER,SPINOZA,PLATO, hope, fear, uncertainty, active power, spinoza, plato, Philosophy. Psychology. Religion, B, Epistemology, Optimism, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Feeling, Vitality, Psychology
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