publication . Doctoral thesis . 2016

An analysis of viable financial negotiations processes and related internal controls for procurement in Pakistan

Rafique, Abdul B.; Malik, Muhammad W.; Salman, Muhammad;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jun 2016
  • Publisher: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
MBA Professional Report Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited In Pakistan, the process of public procurement procedure standardization started in 2002 with the establishment of the Pakistan Public Procurement Regulatory Authority (PPRA), based on the 1994 United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) Model Law. PPRA rules allow four types of procurement procedures but limit the ability to conduct financial negotiations. PPRA rules are aimed at implementing a unified procurement regime for federal and provincial organizations to ensure a transparent procurement system in Pakistan. The United States (U.S.) procurement model and t...
free text keywords: Pakistan, procurement, PPRA, financial negotiations, UNCITRAL, COSO, internal controls
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