The Influence of psychological-sociological factors on self-employment
Ekonomika ir vadyba,
Lithuania ; self-employment ; psychological-sociological factors of self-employment
The article deals with the influence of psychological-sociological factors on a self-employed person, which is little explored in business literature. Analysis of scientific literature revealed that the psychological-sociological factors of self-employment can be divided into groups based on certain personal characteristics and individual psychological states, and the influence of psychological-sociological factors of self-employment is threefold: positive, negative, and unclear (both positive and negative). Only positive impact on the start of self-employment has such factors as optimism, self-confidence, independence, and openness. Optimism, confidence and consciousness only positively contribute to the development of self-employment activity. Negative impact on self-employment’s start and duration has such factors as pessimism and bad mood. Strict following of traditions has negative influence only on self-employment’s start. The influence of unclear factors (affecting the start of self-employment: extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, safety, consciousness; affecting the development of self-employment: extraversion, neuroticism and openness) on self-employment was examined by using expert evaluation method. Experts believe that such features as safety and consciousness not fit with the self-employed person's "portrait" and acts as a barrier to starting a business, while for a person who can control his or her emotions, is intelligent, open for innovations, extrovert, it is easier to initiate and develop an existing business.