publication . Article . 2019

Manufacturing fit-for-purpose paper packaging containers with controlled biodegradation rate by optimizing addition of natural fillers

Anna Sandak; Jakub Sandak; Izabela Modzelewska;
Open Access English
  • Published: 23 Jan 2019 Journal: Cellulose, volume 26, issue 4, pages 2,673-2,688 (issn: 0969-0239, eissn: 1572-882X, Copyright policy)
Natural fillers were utilized for manufacturing horticultural packaging products. Five types of pots produced from waste paper with wheat and rye bran additions were compared with commercially available containers. The aim was to examine the influence of soil type on the degradation rate and kinetics. Pots were degraded in three soil types: agriculture, forest and sandy soils and were monitored after 2, 4 and 8 weeks. NIR spectroscopy was used for non-destructive evaluation of the chemical composition of the investigated papers in addition to typically used standard methods. All tested configurations of papers might be used for manufacturing of plantable bio-con...
Persistent Identifiers
free text keywords: waste paper, paper pots, cereal bran, degradation rate, soil, FT-NIR, Polymers and Plastics, Soil water, Degradation (geology), Waste paper, Pulp and paper industry, Biodegradation, Bran, Environmental science, Soil type, Cradle-to-cradle design, Soil classification
Funded by
EC| InnoRenew CoE
InnoRenew CoE
Renewable materials and healthy environments research and innovation centre of excellence
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 739574
  • Funding stream: H2020 | SGA-CSA
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