publication . Article . Other literature type . 2013

Exogenous cannabinoids as substrates, inhibitors, and inducers of human drug metabolizing enzymes: a systematic review

Stout, Stephen M.; Cimino, Nina M.;
  • Published: 25 Oct 2013
  • Publisher: Informa UK Limited
Abstract
Exogenous cannabinoids are structurally and pharmacologically diverse compounds that are widely used. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the data characterizing the potential for these compounds to act as substrates, inhibitors, or inducers of human drug metabolizing enzymes, with the aim of clarifying the significance of these properties in clinical care and drug interactions. In vitro data were identified that characterize cytochrome P-450 (CYP-450) enzymes as potential significant contributors to the primary metabolism of several exogenous cannabinoids: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC; CYPs 2C9, 3A4); cannabidiol (CBD; CYPs 2C19, 3A4); cannabinol...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: organic chemicalsdigestive system
free text keywords: General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics, Pharmacology (medical), JWH-018, medicine.drug, medicine, Cannabinoid, medicine.medical_treatment, Tetrahydrocannabinol, Drug, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Cannabidiol, JWH-073, chemistry.chemical_compound, Secondary metabolism, Pharmacology, Cannabinol
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