Sustainability and Community Networks

Article English OPEN
Fuchs, Christian (2017)
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • Journal: volume 34, issue 2, pages 628-639 (issn: 07365853)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.tele.2016.10.003
  • Subject: information society | community networks | Internet infrastructure | political economy | UOW9 | unsustainability | sustainability | Internet access

Preprint version Fuchs, Christian. 2017. Sustainability and community networks. Telematics and Informatics 34 (2): 628-639. DOI: Full article available at: Sustainability and Community Networks Christian Fuchs University of Westminster London, UK Westminster Institute for Advanced Studies (WIAS) & Communication and Media Research Institute (CAMRI) Abstract Community networks are IP-based computer networks that are operated by a community as a common good. In Europe, the most well-known community networks are Guifi in Catalonia, Freifunk in Berlin, Ninux in Italy, Funkfeuer in Vienna and the Athens Wireless Metropolitan Network in Greece. This paper deals with community networks as alternative forms of Internet access and alternative infrastructures and asks: What does sustainability and unsustainability mean in the context of community networks? What advantages do such networks have over conventional forms of Internet access and infrastructure provided by large telecommunications corporations? In addition what disadvantages do they face at the same time? This article provides a framework for thinking dialectically about the un/sustainability of community networks. It provides a framework of practical questions that can be asked when assessing power structures in the context of Internet infrastructures and access. It presents an overview of environmental, economic, political and cultural contradictions that community networks may face as well as a typology of questions that can be asked in order to identify such contradictions. Acknowledgement: The research presented in this paper was conducted with funding provided by the EU Horizon 2020 project netCommons: Network Infrastructure as Commons,, grant agreement number: 688768
  • References (21)
    21 references, page 1 of 3

    Antoniadis, Panayotis and Ileana Apostol. 2014. The Right(s) to the Hybrid City and the Role of DIY Networking. Journal of Community Informatics 10 (3).

    Apostol, Ileana, Panayotis Antoniadis and Tridib Banerjee. 2008. From Face-Block to Facebook of the Other Way Around? Presentation at the International Meeting “Sustainable City and Creativity: Promoting Creative Urban Initiatives” in Naples.

    Baig, Roger, Ramon Roca, Felix Freitag and Leandro Navarro. 2015., a crowdsourced network infrastructure held in common. Computer Networks 90: 150-165.

    Baig, Roger, Felix Freitag and Leandro Navarro. 2015. On the Sustainability of Community Clouds in In 12th International Conference on Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems and Services (GECON 2015). New York: IEEE.

    Baldé, Kees, Feng Wang, Ruediger Kuehr and Jaco Huisman. 2015. The Global e-Waste Monitor - 2014. Bonn: United Nations University, IAS - SCYCLE.

    Baliga, Jayant, Robert Ayre, Kerry Hinton and Rodney S. Tucker. 2011. Energy Consumption in Wired and Wireless Access Networks. IEEE Communications Magazine 49 (6): 70-77.

    Bar, François and Hernan Galperin. 2004. Building the Wireless Internet Infrastructure: From Cordless Ethernet Archipelagos to Wireless Grids. Communications & Strategies 54 (2): 45-68.

    Benkler, Yochai. 2013. Commons and Growth: The Essential Role of Open Commons in Market Economies. University of Chicago Law Review 80: 1499-1555.

    Benkler, Yochai. 2006. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    Benkler, Yochai. 2002. Some Economics of Wireless Communications. Harvard Journal of Law & Technology 16 (1): 25-83.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark