publication . Article . 2007

Origin of halite brine in the Onondaga Trough near Syracuse, New York State, USA: Modeling geochemistry and variable-density flow

Richard M. Yager; William M. Kappel; L. Niel Plummer;
Open Access
  • Published: 24 May 2007 Journal: Hydrogeology Journal, volume 15, pages 1,321-1,339 (issn: 1431-2174, eissn: 1435-0157, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Abstract
Halite brine (saturation ranging from 45 to 80%) lies within glacial sediments that fill the Onondaga Trough, a bedrock valley deepened by Pleistocene glaciation near Syracuse, New York State, USA. The most concentrated brine occupies the northern end of the trough, about 10 km downgradient of the northern limit of halite beds in the Silurian Salina Group, the assumed source of salt. The chemical composition of the brine and its radiocarbon age suggest that the brine originally formed about 16,700 years ago through dissolution of halite by glacial melt water and later mixed with saline bedrock water. Two hypotheses regarding the formation of the brine pool were ...
Subjects
free text keywords: Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous), Water Science and Technology, Bedrock, geography.geographical_feature_category, geography, Brine pool, Pleistocene, Geochemical modeling, Radiocarbon dating, law.invention, law, Geochemistry, Geology, Glacial period, Brining, Halite, engineering.material, engineering
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