publication . Article . Other literature type . 2006

Genetic and Environmental Influences on the Development of Alcoholism: Resilience vs. Risk

Mary-Anne Enoch;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Dec 2006
Abstract
Abstract: The physiological changes of adolescence may promote risk-taking behaviors, including binge drinking. Approximately 40% of alcoholics were already drinking heavily in late adolescence. Most cases of alcoholism are established by the age of 30 years with the peak prevalence at 18–23 years of age. Therefore the key time frame for the development, and prevention, of alcoholism lies in adolescence and young adulthood. Severe childhood stressors have been associated with increased vulnerability to addiction, however, not all stress-exposed children go on to develop alcoholism. Origins of resilience can be both genetic (variation in alcohol-metabolizing gene...
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free text keywords: General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, History and Philosophy of Science, Addiction, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Stressor, Binge drinking, Psychology, Alcohol abuse, medicine.disease, medicine, Young adult, Psychiatry, medicine.medical_specialty, Addiction vulnerability, Psychological resilience, Serotonin transporter, biology.protein, biology
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