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The Association between Vitamin D and Zinc Status with the Disease Onset and Progression of Clinical Symptoms among Outpatients Infected with COVID-19 and Non-Infected Participants: A Cross-Sectional Study

Sahar Golabi; Maryam Adelipour; Sara Mobarak; Maghsud Piri; Maryam Seyedtabib; Reza Bagheri; Katsuhiko Suzuki; Damoon Ashtari Larki; Fatemeh Maghsoudi; Mahshid Naghashpour;
Open Access
  • Publisher: Zenodo
Abstract
Background: Vitamin D and zinc are important components of nutritional immunity. This study compared the serum concentrations of vitamin D and zinc in COVID-19 outpatients with those of non-infected participants. Clinical symptoms and associations with vitamin D and zinc status were also examined. Methods: A checklist and laboratory examination were applied to collect data in a health service center-based descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study conducted on 53 infected outpatients with COVID-19 and 53 non-infected participants of both sexes. Results: Lower serum concentration of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] were observed in patients with moderate ill...
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