publication . Article . Other literature type . 2017

Catalyst or Crown: Does Naturalization Promote the Long-Term Social Integration of Immigrants?

Dominik Hangartner; Giuseppe Pietrantuono; Jens Hainmueller;
Open Access
  • Published: 14 Feb 2017 Journal: SSRN Electronic Journal (eissn: 1556-5068, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Country: United Kingdom
We study the impact of naturalization on the long-term social integration of immigrants into the host country society. Despite ongoing debates about citizenship policy, we lack reliable evidence that isolates the causal effect of naturalization from the non-random selection into naturalization. We exploit the quasi-random assignment of citizenship in Swiss municipalities that used referendums to decide on naturalization applications of immigrants. Comparing otherwise similar immigrants who narrowly won or narrowly lost their naturalization referendums, we find that receiving Swiss citizenship strongly improved long-term social integration. We also find that the ...
free text keywords: Political Science and International Relations, Sociology and Political Science, HT Communities. Classes. Races, JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration, Development economics, Social exclusion, Regression discontinuity design, Naturalization, Political science, Demographic economics, Immigration, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Social integration, Immigration law, Natural experiment, Citizenship
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