Discrimination of SM-Identified Individuals
The misconception that sadomasochism (SM) is violence or abusive behavior has resulted in significant persecution against SM-identified individuals in the form of discrimination, harassment and physical attacks. Historically, women who practiced SM were targeted within the feminist movement due to official opposition against sadomasochistic practices led by the National Organization for Women (NOW). Current statistics of incidents of discrimination, harassment and physical attacks against SM-identified individuals and SM groups are compiled by the National Coalition for Sexual Freedom (NCSF). Sources include published literature, surveys, NCSF reports, media articles, and data available on the Internet provided by SM groups and activists.