publication . Article . 2010

Life-cycle uses of water in U.S. electricity generation

Vasilis Fthenakis; Vasilis Fthenakis; Hyung Chul Kim;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Sep 2010
Abstract
Water use by the electric power industry is attracting renewed interest as periods and zones of arid weather are increasingly encountered, and various regional energy-production scenarios are evaluated. However, there is a scarcity of data on upstream water factors and discrepancies of data from different sources. We reviewed previous studies of water use in electricity generation and used full-life cycle accounting to evaluate water demand factors, both withdrawal and consumption, for conventional- and renewable-electrical power plants. Our investigation showed that moving to technologies like photovoltaics and wind offers the best option for conserving our wat...
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free text keywords: Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Water resource management, Water use, Electricity generation, Water supply, business.industry, business, Stand-alone power system, Renewable energy, Water resources, Economics, Electric power industry, Electricity retailing, Environmental economics
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