publication . Article . 2018

Similar cranial trauma prevalence among Neanderthals and Upper Palaeolithic modern humans

Judith Beier; Nils Anthes; Joachim Wahl; Katerina Harvati;
Open Access English
  • Published: 13 Nov 2018
Neanderthals are commonly depicted as leading dangerous lives and permanently struggling for survival. This view largely relies on the high incidences of trauma that have been reported1,2 and have variously been attributed to violent social behaviour3,4, highly mobile hunter-gatherer lifestyles2 or attacks by carnivores5. The described Neanderthal pattern of predominantly cranial injuries is further thought to reflect violent encounters with large prey mammals, resulting from the use of close-range hunting weapons1. These interpretations directly shape our understanding of Neanderthal lifestyles, health and hunting abilities, yet mainly rest on descriptive, case...
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free text keywords: Multidisciplinary, Cranial injuries, Medicine, business.industry, business, Cranial trauma, Young adult, Demography, Neanderthal, biology.animal, biology
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Funded by
Human Evolution at the Crossroads
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 724703
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-COG
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