From Goal-oriented to Constraint-oriented Design: The Cybernetic Intersection of Design Theory and Systems Theory

Article OPEN
Fischer, Thomas; Richards, Laurence D.;

This article traces the changing notions of constraints in design and of systems since the mid-20th century in the intersection of design theory and systems theory. Taking a second-order cybernetic perspective, the article develops constraints as observer dependent and ... View more
Share - Bookmark

  • Download from
    ZENODO via ZENODO (Article, 2014)
  • Cite this publication