publication . Article . 1995

Rapid deformation of the south flank of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii

Jeffrey Freymueller;
Open Access
  • Published: 03 Mar 1995 Journal: Science, volume 267, pages 1,328-1,332 (issn: 0036-8075, eissn: 1095-9203, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Abstract
The south flank of Kilauea volcano has experienced two large [magnitude ( M ) 7.2 and M 6.1] earthquakes in the past two decades. Global Positioning System measurements conducted between 1990 and 1993 reveal seaward displacements of Kilauea9s central south flank at rates of up to about 10 centimeters per year. In contrast, the northern side of the volcano and the distal ends of the south flank did not displace significantly. The observations can be explained by slip on a low-angle fault beneath the south flank combined with dilation deep within Kilauea9s rift system, both at rates of at least 15 centimeters per year.
Subjects
free text keywords: Multidisciplinary, Seismology, Rift zone, Volcano, geography.geographical_feature_category, geography, Rift, Magnitude (mathematics), Volcanism, Deformation (mechanics), Geology, Slip (materials science), Flank
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