publication . Article . Other literature type . 2017

Universals of causative and anticausative verb formation and the spontaneity scale

Martin Haspelmath;
Open Access
  • Published: 13 Jun 2017 Journal: Lingua Posnaniensis, volume 58, pages 33-63 (eissn: 2083-6090, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Abstract
<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>In this paper, I formulate and explain a number of universal generalizations about the formation of causative verbs (overtly marked verbs with causal meaning) and anticausative verbs (overtly marked verbs with noncausal meaning). Given the “spontaneity scale” of basic verb meanings (transitive &gt; unergative &gt; automatic unaccusative &gt; costly unaccusative &gt; agentful), we can say that verb pairs with a noncausal verb higher on the scale tend to be causative pairs, and verb pairs with a noncausal verb lower on the scale tend to be anticausative pairs. I propose that these generalizations can be subsumed under form-...
Subjects
free text keywords: causative verb, linguistic universal, spontaneity scale, transitivity, form-frequency correspondence, causative verb, spontaneity scale, transitivity, form-frequency correspondence, Causative, Problem of universals, Literary criticism, Transitive relation, Psychology, Linguistics, Anticausative verb, Linguistic universal, lcsh:Philology. Linguistics, lcsh:P1-1091
Related Organizations
Funded by
EC| FormGram
Project
FormGram
Form-frequency correspondences in grammar
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 670985
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-ADG
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Lingua Posnaniensis
Article . 2016
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Other literature type . 2017
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Zenodo
Other literature type . 2017
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