publication . Book . 2020

Synthetic Nano- and Microfibers

R. Martijn Wagterveld; Jan C. M. Marijnissen; Leon Gradoń; Arkadiusz Moskal; Maria Westerbos; Tomasz R. Sosnowski; Michał Wojasiński; Tomasz Ciach; Heather A. Leslie; Louk Peffer; ...
Open Access
  • Published: 08 Sep 2020
  • Publisher: Wetsus, European Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology
Abstract
Global production of fibrous material is significantly growing reaching an expected 145 million metric tons in 2030. Fiber production includes mostly synthetic polymers, cotton and man-made cellulose (viscose). The main uses are in clothing, household and furnishing, industrial construction, automotive and other. Increasing consumption of fabric material causes the accumulation of single fibers into the natural environment. Significant numbers are discharged via wastewater from washing clothes, deposition from atmosphere or by other ways of transport. Fibers are now the most prevalent type of anthropogenic particles found by microplastic pollution surveys around...
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free text keywords: Nanofibers, Microfibers, Synthetic, Fibers, Particles, Risk, Hazard, Deposition, Water, Air, Airways, Tissue, Human uptake, Environment, Aerosol, Analytical methods, Aquatic environment, Toxicology, Waste water treatment, Plastic soup
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