publication . Other literature type . Article . 2004

Avian Mortality Events in the United States Caused by Anticholinesterase Pesticides: A Retrospective Summary of National Wildlife Health Center Records from 1980 to 2000

J. C. Franson; Nancy J. Thomas; D. L. Finley; Walter Riley; Margaret A. Fleischli;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 May 2004
  • Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Abstract
We reviewed the U.S. Geological Survey National Wildlife Health Center (NWHC) mortality database from 1980 to 2000 to identify cases of poisoning caused by organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides. From the 35,022 cases from which one or more avian carcasses were submitted to the NWHC for necropsy, we identified 335 mortality events attributed to anticholinesterase poisoning, 119 of which have been included in earlier reports. Poisoning events were classified as confirmed (n = 205) when supported by findings of ≥50% inhibition of cholinesterase (ChE) activity in brain tissue and the detection of a specific pesticide in the gastrointestinal contents of one or mo...
Subjects
free text keywords: Toxicology, Pollution, Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis, General Medicine, Biology, Carbofuran, chemistry.chemical_compound, chemistry, Veterinary medicine, Anseriformes, biology.organism_classification, Diazinon, Environmental protection, Gastrointestinal Contents, Fenthion, Waterfowl, Pesticide, Wildlife
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