publication . Article . 2020

Sensation seeking and neuroticism in fear conditioning and extinction: The role of avoidance behaviour

Julina A. Rattel; Stephan F. Miedl; Michael Liedlgruber; Jens Blechert; Esther Seidl; Frank H. Wilhelm;
Open Access
  • Published: 27 Oct 2020
Abstract
Maladaptive avoidance behaviour, a key symptom of anxiety-related disorders, prevents extinction learning and maintains anxiety. Individual personality traits likely influence avoidance propensity: high sensation-seeking may decrease avoidance, thereby increasing extinction, and neuroticism may have the reverse effect. Howev-er, research on this is scarce. Using a naturalistic conditioned avoidance paradigm, 163 women underwent differential fear acquisition to a conditioned stimulus (CSplus). Next, during extinction, participants could either choose a risky shortcut, anticipating shock signalled by CSplus, or a time-consuming avoidance option (lengthy detour). A...
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free text keywords: Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry and Mental health, Extinction (psychology), Fear conditioning, Anxiety, medicine.symptom, medicine, Psychology, Classical conditioning, Sensation seeking, Big Five personality traits, Exposure therapy, medicine.medical_treatment, Neuroticism, Clinical psychology
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