publication . Article . 2012

Cognitive control in belief-laden reasoning during conclusion processing: An ERP study

Junlong Luo; Xin Liu; Edward J. N. Stupple; Entao Zhang; Xiao Xiao; Lei Jia; Qun Yang; Haijiang Li; Qinglin Zhang;
Open Access
  • Published: 20 Jun 2012 Journal: International Journal of Psychology, volume 48, pages 224-231 (issn: 0020-7594, eissn: 1464-066X, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Wiley
Abstract
Belief bias is the tendency to accept conclusions that are compatible with existing beliefs more frequently than those that contradict beliefs. It is one of the most replicated behavioral findings in the reasoning literature. Recently, neuroimaging studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and event-related potentials (ERPs) have provided a new perspective and have demonstrated neural correlates of belief bias that have been viewed as supportive of dual-process theories of belief bias. However, fMRI studies have tended to focus on conclusion processing, while ERPs studies have been concerned with the processing of premises. In the present resear...
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Medical Subject Headings: humanities
free text keywords: Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), General Psychology, General Medicine, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, medicine.diagnostic_test, medicine, Conflict resolution, Cognition, Belief bias, Developmental psychology, Psychology, Late positive component, Neuroimaging, Cognitive psychology, Event-related potential, Neural correlates of consciousness
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