publication . Article . Other literature type . 2017

Study The Effect Of Imposing Surfactants Toward The Evaporation Of Low Molecular Weight Alcohol

Mohammad Hafiz Hamzah; Sharifuddin Mohd Zain; Rashid Atta Khan; Khalisanni Khalid;
Open Access
Abstract
In this paper, Reversed-Flow Gas Chromatography (RF-GC) is utilized to investigate the evaporation of low molecular weight alcohol. Evaporation rates as well as the diffusion rates of methanol are determined with a surfactant monolayer on the surface of the liquid; while nitrogen acts as carrier gas, at 313 K. The precision (>99.9%) and accuracy of this investigation demonstrates the potential of current methodologies for environmental impact studies; this is further verified when the results are compared with the available literature. The varying evaporation rates of methanol in the presence of varying amounts of Triton X-100 reflects that application of sur...
Subjects
free text keywords: rate coefficients, flow gas-chromatography low-solubility contaminants mass-transfer coefficients diffusion-coefficients water bodies pure liquids interface rates retardation atmosphere Reversed-Flow Gas Chromatography (RF-GC), surfactants., GE1-350, Environmental sciences, [CHIM.GENI]Chemical Sciences/Chemical engineering, Evaporation diffusion coefficients, [CHIM.ANAL]Chemical Sciences/Analytical chemistry
21 references, page 1 of 2

[1] K. Khalid, A. K. Rashid, M. Z. Sharifuddin, “Analysis of The Liquid Pollutant Using RF-GC Methodologies,” in Proc. 2010 IJESD Conf., 2011, pp. 2.2-1-2.2-6.

[2] R. Sario, R. Ahmad. (2012, July 12). Tanker explosion in Labuan leaves one dead, four missing (Update). The Star. Retrieved from http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2012/7/26/nation/2012072 6110701&sec=nation

[3] G. Dimitrios, A. K. Rashid, G. Karaiskakis, “Study of the evaporation of Pollutant Liquids under the Influence of Surfactant,” AlChE, 2006, vol. 52, pp.2381-2389.

[4] K. Khalid, A. K. Rashid, M. Z. Sharifuddin, “Analysis of Diffusion Coefficient using Reversed-Flow Gas Chromatography- A Review,” Am. J. Applied Sci., 2011, vol.8, no.5, pp. 428-435.

[5] M. J. Rosen, Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena, John Wiley & Sons, NY, 1989, pp. 67-68.

[6] Robert J. States and Chester S. Gardner, “Thermal Structure of the Mesopause Region (80-105 km) at 40°N Latitude. Part I: Seasonal Variations,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 2000, vol.57, pp. 66-67.

[7] Lainiotin G Ch, J. Kapolos, A. Koliadiama, G. Karaiskakis, J Chromatogr A, 2010, vol.1217, pp.1813-1820.

[8] Karaiskakis G, Katsonas NA., “Rate coefficients for evaporation of pure liquids and diffusion coefficients of vapors,” J Phys Chem, 1984, vol.88, pp. 3674-3678.

[9] G. Karaiskakis, D. Gavril, “ Determination of diffusion coefficients by gas chromatography,” J Chromatogr A. 2004, vol.1037, pp.147-189 (Review).

[10] Transport Phenomena, R.B. Bird, W. E. Stewart, E.N. Lightfoot, John Wiley& Sons, NY, 1960, pp. 511.

[11] E. N. Fuller, P. D. Shettler, J. C. Giddings, “A new method for prediction of binary gas-phase diffusion coefficients,” Ind Eng Chem. 1966, vol.58, pp.18-27.

[12] K. Khalid, A. K. Rashid, M. Z. Sharifuddin, “Determination of Rate Coefficients and Diffusion Coefficients of Butanol Using RF-GC Methodhologies,” Studia Ubb Chemia, LVI. 2011, vol. 2, pp.149-154.

[13] K. Khalid, A. K. Rashid, Sharifuddin M. Z., “Determination of Diffusion Coefficients of Selected Long Chain Hydrocarbon Using Reversed-Flow Gas Chromatography Technique,” E-Journal of Chemistry, 2011,vol. 8 no.4, pp.1916-1924.

[14] K. Khalid, A. K. Rashid, and M. Z. Sharifuddin, “Determination of Diffusion Coefficients and Activation Energy of Selected Organic Liquids Using Reversed-Flow Gas Chromatography Technique,” Sains Malaysiana, 2012, vol.41 no.9, pp.1109-1116.

[15] H. J. Arnikar, H. M. Ghule, “Electrodeless discharge as detector in the rapid determination of binary diffusion coefficient of gases,” Int J Electronics.1969, vol.26, pp.159-162.

21 references, page 1 of 2
Abstract
In this paper, Reversed-Flow Gas Chromatography (RF-GC) is utilized to investigate the evaporation of low molecular weight alcohol. Evaporation rates as well as the diffusion rates of methanol are determined with a surfactant monolayer on the surface of the liquid; while nitrogen acts as carrier gas, at 313 K. The precision (>99.9%) and accuracy of this investigation demonstrates the potential of current methodologies for environmental impact studies; this is further verified when the results are compared with the available literature. The varying evaporation rates of methanol in the presence of varying amounts of Triton X-100 reflects that application of sur...
Subjects
free text keywords: rate coefficients, flow gas-chromatography low-solubility contaminants mass-transfer coefficients diffusion-coefficients water bodies pure liquids interface rates retardation atmosphere Reversed-Flow Gas Chromatography (RF-GC), surfactants., GE1-350, Environmental sciences, [CHIM.GENI]Chemical Sciences/Chemical engineering, Evaporation diffusion coefficients, [CHIM.ANAL]Chemical Sciences/Analytical chemistry
21 references, page 1 of 2

[1] K. Khalid, A. K. Rashid, M. Z. Sharifuddin, “Analysis of The Liquid Pollutant Using RF-GC Methodologies,” in Proc. 2010 IJESD Conf., 2011, pp. 2.2-1-2.2-6.

[2] R. Sario, R. Ahmad. (2012, July 12). Tanker explosion in Labuan leaves one dead, four missing (Update). The Star. Retrieved from http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2012/7/26/nation/2012072 6110701&sec=nation

[3] G. Dimitrios, A. K. Rashid, G. Karaiskakis, “Study of the evaporation of Pollutant Liquids under the Influence of Surfactant,” AlChE, 2006, vol. 52, pp.2381-2389.

[4] K. Khalid, A. K. Rashid, M. Z. Sharifuddin, “Analysis of Diffusion Coefficient using Reversed-Flow Gas Chromatography- A Review,” Am. J. Applied Sci., 2011, vol.8, no.5, pp. 428-435.

[5] M. J. Rosen, Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena, John Wiley & Sons, NY, 1989, pp. 67-68.

[6] Robert J. States and Chester S. Gardner, “Thermal Structure of the Mesopause Region (80-105 km) at 40°N Latitude. Part I: Seasonal Variations,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 2000, vol.57, pp. 66-67.

[7] Lainiotin G Ch, J. Kapolos, A. Koliadiama, G. Karaiskakis, J Chromatogr A, 2010, vol.1217, pp.1813-1820.

[8] Karaiskakis G, Katsonas NA., “Rate coefficients for evaporation of pure liquids and diffusion coefficients of vapors,” J Phys Chem, 1984, vol.88, pp. 3674-3678.

[9] G. Karaiskakis, D. Gavril, “ Determination of diffusion coefficients by gas chromatography,” J Chromatogr A. 2004, vol.1037, pp.147-189 (Review).

[10] Transport Phenomena, R.B. Bird, W. E. Stewart, E.N. Lightfoot, John Wiley& Sons, NY, 1960, pp. 511.

[11] E. N. Fuller, P. D. Shettler, J. C. Giddings, “A new method for prediction of binary gas-phase diffusion coefficients,” Ind Eng Chem. 1966, vol.58, pp.18-27.

[12] K. Khalid, A. K. Rashid, M. Z. Sharifuddin, “Determination of Rate Coefficients and Diffusion Coefficients of Butanol Using RF-GC Methodhologies,” Studia Ubb Chemia, LVI. 2011, vol. 2, pp.149-154.

[13] K. Khalid, A. K. Rashid, Sharifuddin M. Z., “Determination of Diffusion Coefficients of Selected Long Chain Hydrocarbon Using Reversed-Flow Gas Chromatography Technique,” E-Journal of Chemistry, 2011,vol. 8 no.4, pp.1916-1924.

[14] K. Khalid, A. K. Rashid, and M. Z. Sharifuddin, “Determination of Diffusion Coefficients and Activation Energy of Selected Organic Liquids Using Reversed-Flow Gas Chromatography Technique,” Sains Malaysiana, 2012, vol.41 no.9, pp.1109-1116.

[15] H. J. Arnikar, H. M. Ghule, “Electrodeless discharge as detector in the rapid determination of binary diffusion coefficient of gases,” Int J Electronics.1969, vol.26, pp.159-162.

21 references, page 1 of 2
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publication . Article . Other literature type . 2017

Study The Effect Of Imposing Surfactants Toward The Evaporation Of Low Molecular Weight Alcohol

Mohammad Hafiz Hamzah; Sharifuddin Mohd Zain; Rashid Atta Khan; Khalisanni Khalid;