Developing Discussion of Language Change Into a Three-Dimensional Model of Linguistic Phenomena

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Hawkey, James W;

The concepts of <em>change from above</em> (CFA) and <em>change from below</em> (CFB) have been employed by sociolinguists for decades: but ‘above’ and ‘below’ <em>what</em> exactly? Popularised by William Labov, these terms are most frequently used to describe compleme... View more
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