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La dématérialisation des documents de transport maritime de marchandises : (étude dans le cadre de la CEMAC)

Authors: Matchinda, Odette;

La dématérialisation des documents de transport maritime de marchandises : (étude dans le cadre de la CEMAC)

Abstract

La dématérialisation et le droit, un mariage de raison. Les travaux pionniers de Philippe Garo et Albert Dione le démontrent à suffisance. À l’ère du tout numérique l’adaptation du droit en général et du droit maritime en particulier est une condition sine qua none pour la sécurisation des transactions et la confiance dans l’économie numérique. La question relative à la valeur juridique des documents dématérialisés est aujourd’hui résolue par les différents textes de la CNUDCI. Les différentes transpositions légales et la doctrine posent les principes d’équivalence fonctionnelle, de neutralité médiatique et de neutralité technologique. Néanmoins, de nombreuses questions restent en suspens et constituent l’objet de cette thèse. Les documents dématérialisés conservent-ils leurs fonctions juridiques traditionnelles ? Si la réponse est positive, elle reste soumise à la condition que l ’émission, la transmission et ou le transfert du document électronique de transport, titre représentatif de la marchandise, soient encadrés par une méthode fiable permettant d’assurer la confidentialité, l’intégrité et la durabilité du support lors du processus. L’opération semble simple sur le plan conceptuel mais il n’en est rien sur le plan pratique. De nombreuses limites intrinsèques et extrinsèques entravent la mise de la dématérialisation. Cette thèse a pour objet d’y apporter des solutions. De toute évidence, le coût d’opportunité que représente la dématérialisation pour les entreprises dans la zone CEMAC est réel et stratégique. L’adaptation sur le plan législatif est à saluer mais devrait être accompagnée sur le plan pratique par une véritable politique communautaire de maritimisation. Une politique de transport maritime mettant l’accent sur la création d’infrastructures communes permettant d’assurer l’interconnectivité et l’interopérabilité des systèmes. Toute chose à même d’assurer la facilitation de la circulation et le transfert sécurisé des documents dans la chaine de valeur. Une telle politique facilitera aussi le recours dans un proche avenir dans la zone CEMAC, à la technologie Blockchain que nous proposons pour la dématérialisation du connaissement négociable, « véritable serpent de mer » !

Paperless process and the law, a marriage of convenience. The pioneering works of Philippe Garo and Albert Dione demonstrate this enough. In the digital age, adapting law in general and maritime law to electronic commerce is a sine qua non condition for securing transactions and confidence in the digital economy. If the issue relating to the legal status of dematerialized documents is today solved by the various texts of the UNCITRAL, legislation and the doctrine laying down legal principles of functional equivalence, media neutrality and technological neutrality, many questions remain raised and are the basis of this PhD dissertation. Does dematerialized transport documentation preserve their traditional legal functions ? If the answer is positive, it nevertheless remains subject to conditions. The issuing, transmission and or transfer of the electronic transport document, a title representative of the goods, must be supervised a reliable method allowing confidentiality, integrity, and durability of medium to be ensured throughout the process of dematerialization. If on the conceptual level, the operation seems simple, it is not the same on the practical level. Intrinsic and extrinsic limits to the documentary function are as many obstacles to dematerialization that this dissertation tent to resolve. Obviously, the opportunity cost of dematerialization for companies in the CEMAC zone is strategic. The adaptation on the legislative level is to be welcomed but should be accompanied on the practical level by a true community policy of maritime transport. A maritime transport policy emphasizing the creation of common infrastructures to ensure the interconnectivity and interoperability of systems. This has the advantage to ensure the facilitation of circulation and the secure transfer of documents in the full value chain. Such a policy will also facilitate the use soon in the CEMAC zone, of the Blockchain technology that we are proposing for the dematerialization of the negotiable transport document, "a true sea snake".

Country
France
Related Organizations
Keywords

Dématérialisation, [SHS.DROIT] Humanities and Social Sciences/Law, Cybercrime, Electronic documents, Documents électroniques, Transport maritime, [SHS.DROIT]Humanities and Social Sciences/Law, Maritime transport, Blockchain, Connaissement négociable, États, Bill of lading, CEMAC, Cybercriminalité, Data security, State

PRINCIPALES ABRÉVIATIONS ET SIGLES .............................................................................................. VI

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average