publication . Article . 2010

Processing Fluency Systematically Biases Evaluations of Handwritten Material

Greifeneder, Rainer; Alt, Alexander; Bottenberg, Konstantin; Seele, Tim; Zelt, Sarah; Wagener, Dietrich;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2010 Journal: Social Psychological and Personality Science, volume 1, pages 230-237 (issn: 1948-5506, eissn: 1948-5514, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Country: Switzerland
Abstract
Evaluations of handwritten essays or exams are often suspected of being biased, such as by mood states or individual predilections. Although most of these influences are unsystematic, at least one bias is problematic because it systematically affects evaluations of handwritten materials. Three experiments revealed that essays in legible as compared to less legible handwriting were evaluated more positively. This robust finding was related to a basic judgmental mechanism that builds on the fluency with which handwriting can be processed. The present research further revealed that this evaluative bias is not inevitable but can be controlled for. Given the importan...
Subjects
free text keywords: Clinical Psychology, Social Psychology, Processing fluency, Fluency, Handwriting, Psychology, Legibility, Work life, Mood
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