Low Schooling for Girls, Slower Growth for All? Cross-Country Evidence on the Effect of Gender Inequality in Education on Economic Development

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Klasen, Stephan;
(2002)
  • Publisher: Washington, DC: World Bank
  • Subject: ACCESS TO RESOURCES | ADJUSTED INCOME | ADULT POPULATION | ANNUAL GROWTH | ANNUAL GROWTH RATE | AVERAGE GROWTH | AVERAGE LEVEL | BULLETIN | CAPITA INCOME GROWTH | CAPITAL ACCUMULATION | CAPITAL INCREASES | CAPITAL INFLOWS | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | CHANGES IN FERTILITY | CHILD CARE | CHILD MORTALITY | CONVERGENCE DEBATE | CORRUPTION | COUNTRY DATA | COUNTRY REGRESSIONS | CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS | DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION | DEPENDENCY BURDEN | DEPENDENT VARIABLE | DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | DEVELOPING REGIONS | DEVELOPMENT COUNTRIES | DEVELOPMENT GOALS | DEVELOPMENT PLANNING | DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES | DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN | DOMESTIC MARKETS | DOMESTIC SAVINGS | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | ECONOMIC CHANGE | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | ECONOMIC GROWTH | ECONOMIC HISTORY | ECONOMIC LITERATURE | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | ECONOMIC PROSPERITY | ECONOMICS | EDUCATED MEN | EDUCATED MOTHERS | EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT | EDUCATIONAL GENDER | EDUCATIONAL GENDER GAPS | EFFECT ON POPULATION GROWTH | EFFECTS OF GENDER | ELDERLY | EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE | EMPIRICAL GROWTH LITERATURE | EMPIRICAL STUDIES | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | ENDOGENOUS VARIABLES | EQUAL EDUCATION | EXOGENOUS VARIABLES | EXPLANATORY VARIABLES | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | FACTORS OF PRODUCTION | FAMILY PLANNING | FEMALE | FEMALE EDUCATION | FEMALE EMPLOYMENT | FEMALE LABOR | FEMALE WORK | FEMALE WORKERS | FEMALES | FEMINIST | FEMINIST ECONOMICS | FERTILITY | FERTILITY LEVELS | FERTILITY RATE | FERTILITY RATES | FERTILITY TRANSITION | FIRST YEAR | FIXED EFFECTS | FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION | GENDER BIAS | GENDER DIFFERENCES | GENDER DISCREPANCIES | GENDER EQUITY | GENDER GAP | GENDER GAP IN EDUCATION | GENDER GAPS | GENDER INEQUALITIES | GENDER INEQUALITY | GIRLS | GLOBAL ECONOMY | GROWTH EFFECT | GROWTH MODEL | GROWTH PERFORMANCE | GROWTH REGRESSION | GROWTH REGRESSIONS | GROWTH TRAGEDY | HEALTH OUTCOMES | HIGH GROWTH | HIGH POPULATION GROWTH | HOUSEHOLD LEVEL | HUMAN CAPITAL | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT | HUMAN RESOURCES | IMPACT OF POPULATION | IMPACT OF POPULATION GROWTH | INCOME GROWTH | INCOME LEVELS | INCOME PER CAPITA | INCREASE GROWTH | INCREASING RETURNS | INDEPENDENT VARIABLES | INEQUALITY AVERSION | INTENSIVE INDUSTRIES | INVESTMENT RATE | INVESTMENTS IN EDUCATION | LABOR FORCE | LABOR FORCE GROWTH | LABOR MARKET | LABOUR OFFICE | LIFE EXPECTANCY | LITERACY | LONG-RUN GROWTH | LONG-TERM GROWTH | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | LOWER FERTILITY | MARGINAL RETURNS | MARGINALIZATION | MARRIAGE AGE | MONETARY ECONOMICS | MORTALITY | MORTALITY RATE | NATIONAL ACCOUNTS | NATURAL RESOURCE | NATURAL RESOURCES | NEGATIVE EFFECT | NEGATIVE IMPACT | 0 HYPOTHESIS | NUMBER OF WORKERS | PANEL REGRESSIONS | PER CAPITA GROWTH | PER CAPITA INCOME | PER CAPITA INCOMES | POLICY RESEARCH | POLICY VARIABLES | POLITICAL ECONOMY | POLITICAL INSTABILITY | POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT | POPULATION GROWTH | POPULATION GROWTH RATE | POPULATION GROWTH RATES | PRIMARY EDUCATION | PROBLEMS OF GENDER | PRODUCTION FUNCTION | PRODUCTIVITY | PROGRESS | PROMOTING GENDER EQUITY | PUBLIC POLICY | PUBLIC SERVICES | PUBLIC SPENDING | PURCHASING POWER | PURCHASING POWER PARITY | QUALITY OF EDUCATION | RAPID GROWTH | RATE OF GROWTH | RATE OF POPULATION GROWTH | REDUCED GENDER INEQUALITY | REDUCING GENDER INEQUALITY | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | SAFETY NETS | SECONDARY EDUCATION | SECONDARY SCHOOLING | SIGNIFICANT EFFECT | SIGNIFICANT IMPACT | SPILLOVER | STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT | STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT PROGRAMS | TERTIARY EDUCATION | UNDP | UNEDUCATED WOMEN | UNICEF | UNITED NATIONS | UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME | WAGE DIFFERENTIALS | WAGE DISCRIMINATION | WAGE GAP | WILL | WOMAN | WORKING-AGE POPULATION

Using cross-country and panel regressions, this article investigates how gender inequality in education affects long-term economic growth. Such inequality is found to have an effect on economic growth that is r... View more
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