publication . Research . 2015

Utility-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Power Plants : A Project Developer’s Guide

International Finance Corporation;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2015
  • Publisher: Washington, DC
  • Country: United States
Abstract
With an installed capacity greater than 137 gigawatts (GWs) worldwide and annual additions of about 40 GWs in recent years, solar photovoltaic (PV) technology has become an increasingly important energy supply option. A substantial decline in the cost of solar PV power plants (80 percent reduction since 2008) has improved solar PV’s competitiveness, reducing the needs for subsidies and enabling solar to compete with other power generation options in some markets. The World Bank Group (including the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Development Association, International Finance Corporation (IFC), and the Multilateral Invest...
Subjects
free text keywords: TAX INCENTIVES, VERTICAL AXIS, TRANSMISSION CAPACITY, POWER PLANTS, PLANT OWNERS, UTILITY GRID, RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD, SOLAR RESOURCE, ELECTRICITY TARIFF, PRICE OF POWER, ENERGY PRICING, POWER GENERATION APPLICATIONS, POWER PRICES, GENERATION, COST OF ELECTRICITY, CIRCUIT BREAKERS, WIND FARMS, BEARING CAPACITY, POWER PROJECT, EMISSION REDUCTION, PLANT OPERATION, ENERGY GENERATION, PEAK DEMAND, PRICE, SAFETY STANDARDS, SOLAR PROJECTS, VOLTAGE, POWER SYSTEM, GREENHOUSE GAS, OIL, AIR POLLUTION, POWER SYSTEMS, RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION, ENERGY SOURCES, AIR EMISSIONS, RAW MATERIALS, SOLAR POWER PLANTS, PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS, SAND, ACCESS ROADS, DISTRIBUTION LOSSES, PEAK POWER, POWER COMPANY, SOLAR ENERGY, INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES, RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY, FUELS, THERMAL POWER, POWER DISTRIBUTION, ELECTRICITY PRODUCERS, RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS, POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENTS, RENEWABLE GENERATION, POWER REQUIREMENTS, EMISSION, SOLAR INDUSTRY, TAX INCENTIVE, MINERAL RESOURCES, BALANCE, POWER CORPORATION, ENERGY NEEDS, DIESEL GENERATORS, PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS, ELECTRICITY, CEMENT, ELECTRICITY GENERATION, FOSSIL FUEL, CONVERSION EFFICIENCY, PLANT OPERATIONS, TRANSMISSION SYSTEM, POWER COSTS, SOLAR SYSTEMS, SOLAR POWER, ENERGY LOSSES, UTILITY-SCALE, GRID SYSTEMS, ELECTRICITY PRICE, PEAK VALUE, SOLAR CELLS, UTILITY COMPANY, FUEL, DISTRIBUTION NETWORK, ELECTRICAL OUTPUT, POWER SECTOR PLANNING, FACILITIES, RENEWABLE SOURCES, CAPACITY FACTORS, PLANT SHUTDOWN, PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY, RENEWABLE POWER, THERMAL EXPANSION, ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, DIESEL, RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET, PLANT EFFICIENCY, TRANSMISSION LINES, APPROACH, ELECTRICAL PRODUCTION, POWER PLANT, SOLAR CELL, BIRDS, PLANT PERFORMANCE, WIND SPEED, VEHICLES, ACTIVITIES, RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT, RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECTS, COLLECTION SYSTEM, DEMAND FOR POWER, RENEWABLE ENERGY FACILITIES, WIND, EMISSIONS, HIGH AMBIENT TEMPERATURES, POWER CONDITIONERS, ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES, MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY, AMORPHOUS SILICON, RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS, TARIFF STRUCTURES, GAS, ALTERNATIVE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT, POWER MIX, CERTIFIED EMISSION REDUCTION, SOLAR RADIATION, SAFETY REGULATIONS, WINDS, POWER RATIO, OXYGEN, BIOMASS, AIR POLLUTANTS, AMOUNT OF POWER, GENERATION CAPACITY, ELECTRICITY UTILITIES, ENERGY POLICIES, CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, AUXILIARY POWER, SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY, POWER GENERATION, POWER SECTOR, SOLAR PANELS, SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, UTILITY- SCALE, THERMAL PLANTS, RENEWABLE SOURCE, PLANT OWNER, ENERGY SUPPLY, TRANSMISSION GRID, OPTIONS, WATER, CAPACITY FACTOR, CARBON TAXES, AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT, GRID POWER, POLLUTION, GRID CONNECTION, SOLAR ENERGY INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION, POWER PLANT CONSTRUCTION, POWER PRODUCERS, TAX POLICIES, ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, PLANT OUTPUT, POWER RATING, ENERGY OUTPUT, TAX CREDIT, HEAT, CLIMATE CHANGE, ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, UTILITIES, GRID INTEGRATION, POWER, ELECTRICITY SALES, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, AUXILIARY POWER REQUIREMENTS, WIND ENERGY, UTILITY MARKET, SOLAR SYSTEM, BUFFER ZONES, POLLUTANTS, CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION, ELECTRICITY TARIFFS, SUNLIGHT, COST OF ENERGY, RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPLY, PEAK PRODUCTION, POWER REQUIREMENT, ENERGY PRODUCTION, POWER PRODUCTION, PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE, ENERGY EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGIES, POWER PRODUCER, TAX CREDITS, POWER CONSUMPTION, FEEDSTOCK, TRANSMISSION LINE, INVESTMENT, WIND SPEEDS, ENERGY DEVELOPMENT, SOLID WASTE GENERATION, AMBIENT CONDITIONS, ENERGY MANAGEMENT, TARIFF, COMMERCIAL ELECTRICITY, AVAILABILITY, INVESTMENTS, RENEWABLE ENERGY, GASES, ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION, FOSSIL, WIND DEVELOPERS, PRICES, AIR MASS, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE, OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE, POWER CABLES, SAFETY TESTING, ENERGY, ELECTRICITY UTILITY
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