Introduction : Borders, Informality, International Trade and Customs

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Cantens, Thomas; Ireland, Robert; Raballand, Gael;
  • Publisher: Taylor and Francis
  • Subject: informal sector | customs | black market | border management | regional trade

Trading goods is an original human activity that precedes borders (Renfrew, 1969). With the rise of nation-states with demarcated political boundaries, trade that crosses borders became regulated by government institutions such as Customs, with tariffs, quotas, or outri... View more
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