publication . Doctoral thesis . 2009

Recreation and tourism induced changes in northern boreal environments

Kangas, K. (Katja);
Open Access English
  • Published: 27 Oct 2009
  • Publisher: University of Oulu
  • Country: Finland
Abstract The popularity of nature-based tourism has increased worldwide and peripheral areas with conservational value, like protected areas, are attractive destinations. The recreational use and construction of tourism facilities can cause environmental degradation and decrease the conservational and recreational value of areas if not well planned and managed. The aim of this thesis was to improve our knowledge of recreation and tourism induced changes in northern boreal environments. Direct and indirect impacts of recreation on vegetation and birds in protected areas were examined. Furthermore, the environmental impacts of ski resorts in terms of changes in ve...
free text keywords: birds, campsite, disturbance, fertilization, national park, nature-based tourism, non-native species, nutrient, protected area, recreation, ski resort, ski run, soil, vegetation, water pollution
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