publication . Article . 2010

A man from Bendery: L.S. Berg as geographer and loess scholar

Smalley, Ian; Markovic, Slobodan; O’Hara-Dhand, Ken; Wynn, Peter;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2010
  • Publisher: Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe
  • Country: Poland
Abstract
Lev Semenovich Berg was born in Bendery, in Moldova. He had great success as an ichthyologist and geographer; he also proposed, in 1916, an interesting theory of loess formation. As a biologist he was persecuted by Lysenko and the Soviet state in the time of pseudo-science in the 1930s and 1940s. Despite his being persecuted, the loess theory became, in effect, the official Soviet theory of loess formation. This theory had to be compatible with his ‘landscape’ theory which did not find favour in Marxist-Leninist geography. Berg’s loess theory was very much a geographical theory, as opposed to the geological theory of aeolian deposition, which was accepted outsid...
Subjects
free text keywords: Lev Semenovich Berg, Theories of loess formation, Landscape theory, Loessification
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