publication . Article . 2015

Cognitive Predictors and Risk Factors of PTSD Following Stillbirth: A Short-Term Longitudinal Study

Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg; Antje Horsch; Ingo Jacobs;
Open Access
  • Published: 27 Mar 2015 Journal: Journal of Traumatic Stress, volume 28, pages 110-117 (issn: 0894-9867, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Wiley
Abstract
This short-term longitudinal study investigated cognitive predictors and risk factors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in mothers following stillbirth. After a stillbirth at ≥ 24 weeks gestational age, 65 women completed structured clinical interviews and questionnaires assessing PTSD symptoms, cognitive predictors (appraisals, dysfunctional strategies), and risk factors (perceived social support, trauma history, obstetric history) at 3 and 6 months. PTSD symptoms decreased between 3 and 6 months (Cohen's d ranged .34–.52). Regression analyses also revealed a specific positive relationship between Rumination and concurrent frequency of PTSD symptoms (β = ...
Subjects
free text keywords: Adult; Age Factors; Female; Gravidity; Guilt; Humans; Income; Longitudinal Studies; Pessimism/psychology; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales; Risk Factors; Self Concept; Social Support; Stillbirth/psychology; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/etiology; Time Factors, Longitudinal study, Screening instrument, Developmental psychology, Psychology, Lower income, Gynecology, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Positive relationship, Posttraumatic stress, Previous pregnancies, Younger age, Apoyo social
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