publication . Article . 2016

Spain: from massive immigration to vast emigration?

Izquierdo, Mario; Jimeno, Juan F.; Lacuesta, Aitor;
Open Access
  • Published: 27 May 2016 Journal: IZA Journal of Migration, volume 5 (eissn: 2193-9039, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Abstract
Large immigration flows during the 1995-2007 period increased the weight of foreigners living in Spain to 12 % of the total population. The rapid increase in unemployment associated with the Great Recession and the subsequent European debt crisis, substantially changed migration flows, so that, from the beginning of the 2010s, Spain experienced positive net outflows. In this paper, we take on three tasks. First, we show that sensitivity of migration flows to unemployment is similar between Spaniards born in Spain and foreigners that entered in Spain during the last 20 years. Second, we estimate the importance of past network effects of foreigners and the recent ...
Subjects
free text keywords: F22, J64, J61, Migration inflows and outflows, Networks, Emigration, European debt crisis, Unemployment rate, Unemployment, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Great recession, Immigration, Labour economics, Economics, Total population, ddc:330
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publication . Article . 2016

Spain: from massive immigration to vast emigration?

Izquierdo, Mario; Jimeno, Juan F.; Lacuesta, Aitor;