publication . Article . Research . 2017

crime and the legalization of recreational marijuana

Dragone, Davide; Prarolo, Giovanni; Vanin, Paolo; Zanella, Giulio;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2017 Journal: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, volume 159, pages 488-501 (issn: 0167-2681, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Country: Italy
Abstract
First-pass evidence is provided that the legalization of the cannabis market across US states is inducing a crime drop. We exploit the staggered legalization of recreational marijuana enacted by the adjacent states of Washington (end of 2012) and Oregon (end of 2014). Combining county-level difference-in-differences and spatial regression discontinuity designs, we find that the policy caused a significant reduction in rapes and property crimes on the Washington side of the border in 2013-2014 relative to the Oregon side and relative to the pre-legalization years 2010-2012. The legalization also increased consumption of marijuana and reduced consumption of other ...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: health care economics and organizationsmental disorders
free text keywords: K23, K42, recreational marijuana, crime, Economics and Econometrics, Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management, Accident prevention, Welfare economics, Cannabis, biology.organism_classification, biology, Suicide prevention, Demographic economics, Advertising, Legalization, Injury prevention, Political science, Spatial regression, Recreation, cannabis, recreational marijuana, crime, ddc:330
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