publication . Article . 2017

The changing nature of jobs in Central and Eastern Europe

Piotr Lewandowski;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2017
  • Publisher: Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Abstract
Job polarization can pose serious problems for emerging economies that rely on worker reallocation from low-skilled to middle-skilled jobs to converge toward advanced economies. Evidence from Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries shows that structural change and education expansion can prevent polarization, as they enable a shift from manual to cognitive work and prevent the “hollowing out” of middle-skilled jobs. However, in CEE countries they have also led to a high routine cognitive content of jobs, which makes such jobs susceptible to automation and computerization in the future.
Subjects
free text keywords: J21, J23, J24, restructuring, workforce upskilling, task content of jobs, ddc:330, Labour economics, Emerging markets, Business
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