publication . Article . 2018

The obesogenic environment around elementary schools: food and beverage marketing to children in two Mexican cities

Barquera Simón; Hernández-Barrera Lucia; Rothenberg Stephen J.; Cifuentes Enrique;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Apr 2018 Journal: BMC Public Health (issn: 1471-2458, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: BMC
  • Country: United States
Abstract
Abstract Background Unhealthy environments and food advertisements are major determinants of childhood obesity. Recent regulation has banned unhealthy foods from schools in Mexico. However, currently there is no regulation limiting exposure to food marketing around schools. Thus, our objective was to analyze the characteristics of food advertising practices around 60 elementary schools in two cities and to evaluate compliance with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) recommendations and the local food industry self-regulatory marketing code. Methods Data were collected during the period of October 2012 to March 2013. A random sample of elementary schools ...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: education
free text keywords: Food-marketing, Child obesity, Nutrition, Sugar-sweetened beverages, Public aspects of medicine, RA1-1270, Research Article, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, Food industry, business.industry, business, Childhood obesity, medicine.disease, medicine, Health organization, Biostatistics, Environmental health, Public health, medicine.medical_specialty, Bottled water, Marketing, Limiting, Food marketing
72 references, page 1 of 5

Ng, M, Fleming, T, Robinson, M, Thomson, B, Graetz, N, Margono, C, Mullany, EC, Biryukov, S, Abbafati, C, Abera, SF. Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013: a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2013. Lancet. 2014; 384 (9945): 766-781 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Popkin, BM, Slining, MM. New dynamics in global obesity facing low- and middle-income countries. Obes Rev. 2013; 14 (Suppl 2): 11-20 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Monteiro, CA, Moura, EC, Conde, WL, Popkin, BM. Socioeconomic status and obesity in adult populations of developing countries: a review. Bull World Health Organ. 2004; 82 (12): 940-946 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Popkin, BM. Understanding global nutrition dynamics as a step towards controlling cancer incidence. Nat Rev Cancer. 2007; 7 (1): 61-67 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Swinburn, B, Vandevijvere, S, Kraak, V, Sacks, G, Snowdon, W, Hawkes, C, Barquera, S, Friel, S, Kelly, B, Kumanyika, S. Monitoring and benchmarking government policies and actions to improve the healthiness of food environments: a proposed government healthy food environment policy index. Obes Rev. 2013; 14 (Suppl 1): 24-37 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Potvin Kent, M, Dubois, L, Wanless, A. A nutritional comparison of foods and beverages marketed to children in two advertising policy environments. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012; 20 (9): 1829-1837 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Mackenbach, JD, Rutter, H, Compernolle, S, Glonti, K, Oppert, J-M, Charreire, H, De Bourdeaudhuij, I, Brug, J, Nijpels, G, Lakerveld, J. Obesogenic environments: a systematic review of the association between the physical environment and adult weight status, the SPOTLIGHT project. BMC Public Health. 2014; 14: 233 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Adeigbe, RT, Baldwin, S, Gallion, K, Grier, S, Ramirez, AG. Food and beverage marketing to Latinos: a systematic literature review. Health Educ Behav. 2015; 42 (5): 569-582 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

James, WPT. The fundamental drivers of the obesity epidemic. Obes Rev. 2008; 9 (Suppl 1): 6-13 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Monteiro, CA, Moubarac, JC, Cannon, G, Ng, SW, Popkin, B. Ultra-processed products are becoming dominant in the global food system. Obes Rev. 2013; 14 (Suppl 2): 21-28 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Larson, N, Story, M. A review of environmental influences on food choices. Ann Behav Med. 2009; 38 (Suppl 1): S56-S73 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Barquera, S, Campos, I, Rivera, JA. Mexico attempts to tackle obesity: the process, results, push backs and future challenges. Obes Rev. 2013; 14 (Suppl 2): 69-78 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Barquera, S, Campos-Nonato, I, Hernandez-Barrera, L, Pedroza, A, Rivera-Dommarco, JA. Prevalence of obesity in Mexican adults 2000-2012. Salud Publica Mex. 2013; 55 (Suppl 2): S151-S160 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

14.Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). Recommendations from a Pan American Health Organization Expert Consultation on the Marketing of Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages to Children in the Americas. In. Washington, DC.:; 2011: 130.

15.Federal Trade Commission. Marketing Food to Children and Adolescents: A Review of Industry Expenditures, Activities, and Self-Regulation. Washington, DC: U.S. Federal Trade Commission; 2008.

72 references, page 1 of 5
Abstract
Abstract Background Unhealthy environments and food advertisements are major determinants of childhood obesity. Recent regulation has banned unhealthy foods from schools in Mexico. However, currently there is no regulation limiting exposure to food marketing around schools. Thus, our objective was to analyze the characteristics of food advertising practices around 60 elementary schools in two cities and to evaluate compliance with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) recommendations and the local food industry self-regulatory marketing code. Methods Data were collected during the period of October 2012 to March 2013. A random sample of elementary schools ...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: education
free text keywords: Food-marketing, Child obesity, Nutrition, Sugar-sweetened beverages, Public aspects of medicine, RA1-1270, Research Article, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, Food industry, business.industry, business, Childhood obesity, medicine.disease, medicine, Health organization, Biostatistics, Environmental health, Public health, medicine.medical_specialty, Bottled water, Marketing, Limiting, Food marketing
72 references, page 1 of 5

Ng, M, Fleming, T, Robinson, M, Thomson, B, Graetz, N, Margono, C, Mullany, EC, Biryukov, S, Abbafati, C, Abera, SF. Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013: a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2013. Lancet. 2014; 384 (9945): 766-781 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Popkin, BM, Slining, MM. New dynamics in global obesity facing low- and middle-income countries. Obes Rev. 2013; 14 (Suppl 2): 11-20 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Monteiro, CA, Moura, EC, Conde, WL, Popkin, BM. Socioeconomic status and obesity in adult populations of developing countries: a review. Bull World Health Organ. 2004; 82 (12): 940-946 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Popkin, BM. Understanding global nutrition dynamics as a step towards controlling cancer incidence. Nat Rev Cancer. 2007; 7 (1): 61-67 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Swinburn, B, Vandevijvere, S, Kraak, V, Sacks, G, Snowdon, W, Hawkes, C, Barquera, S, Friel, S, Kelly, B, Kumanyika, S. Monitoring and benchmarking government policies and actions to improve the healthiness of food environments: a proposed government healthy food environment policy index. Obes Rev. 2013; 14 (Suppl 1): 24-37 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Potvin Kent, M, Dubois, L, Wanless, A. A nutritional comparison of foods and beverages marketed to children in two advertising policy environments. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012; 20 (9): 1829-1837 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Mackenbach, JD, Rutter, H, Compernolle, S, Glonti, K, Oppert, J-M, Charreire, H, De Bourdeaudhuij, I, Brug, J, Nijpels, G, Lakerveld, J. Obesogenic environments: a systematic review of the association between the physical environment and adult weight status, the SPOTLIGHT project. BMC Public Health. 2014; 14: 233 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Adeigbe, RT, Baldwin, S, Gallion, K, Grier, S, Ramirez, AG. Food and beverage marketing to Latinos: a systematic literature review. Health Educ Behav. 2015; 42 (5): 569-582 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

James, WPT. The fundamental drivers of the obesity epidemic. Obes Rev. 2008; 9 (Suppl 1): 6-13 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Monteiro, CA, Moubarac, JC, Cannon, G, Ng, SW, Popkin, B. Ultra-processed products are becoming dominant in the global food system. Obes Rev. 2013; 14 (Suppl 2): 21-28 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Larson, N, Story, M. A review of environmental influences on food choices. Ann Behav Med. 2009; 38 (Suppl 1): S56-S73 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Barquera, S, Campos, I, Rivera, JA. Mexico attempts to tackle obesity: the process, results, push backs and future challenges. Obes Rev. 2013; 14 (Suppl 2): 69-78 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Barquera, S, Campos-Nonato, I, Hernandez-Barrera, L, Pedroza, A, Rivera-Dommarco, JA. Prevalence of obesity in Mexican adults 2000-2012. Salud Publica Mex. 2013; 55 (Suppl 2): S151-S160 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

14.Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). Recommendations from a Pan American Health Organization Expert Consultation on the Marketing of Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages to Children in the Americas. In. Washington, DC.:; 2011: 130.

15.Federal Trade Commission. Marketing Food to Children and Adolescents: A Review of Industry Expenditures, Activities, and Self-Regulation. Washington, DC: U.S. Federal Trade Commission; 2008.

72 references, page 1 of 5
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