publication . Article . 2014

Evolutionary and ecological perspectives of Late Paleozoic ferns. Part III. Anachoropterid ferns (including Anachoropteris, Tubicaulis, the Sermayaceae, Kaplanopteridaceae and Psalixochlaenaceae)

Tom L. Phillips; Jean Galtier;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2014 Journal: Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, volume 205, pages 31-73 (issn: 0034-6667, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Country: France
Abstract
Abstract The anachoropterid ferns, previously assigned to the family Anachoropteridaceae, are a group of anatomically preserved late Paleozoic filicalean ferns characterized by a C-shaped foliar xylem with abaxially recurved arms (inversicatenalean anatomy) and two main protoxylem strands. The variously curved to strongly inrolled foliar xylem certainly reflects different evolutionary trends within the morphogenus Anachoropteris . The occurrence of two groups of Tubicaulis is supported by differences in cauline and foliar anatomy and the presence vs. absence of precocious pinnae. Tubicaulis with solid protostele bears petioles which are not of the Anachoropteris...
Subjects
free text keywords: Palaeontology, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Filicalean fern, Evolution, Carboniferous-Permian, [SDE.BE.EVO]Environmental Sciences/Biodiversity and Ecology/domain_sde.be.evo, Filicalean fern;Evolution;Paleoecology;Permineralization;Carboniferous-Permian, Ecology, Xylem, Paleoecology, Botany, Stele, Sporangium, Biology, Frond, Permineralization, Taxon, Rhizome
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