This research introduces a stochastic mathematical model that uses open pit long-term production planning on an integrated open pit and underground block model to determine the optimal time for transition from open pit to underground mining. In the model, ore grade is c... View more
CHEN, J., GUO, D., and LI, J. 2003. Optimization principle of combined surface and underground mining and its applications. Journal of Central South University of Technology, vol. 10, no. 3. pp. 222-225.
CHEN, J., LI, J., LUO, Z., and GUO, D. 2001. Development and application of optimum open-pit limits software for the combined mining of surface and underground. Proceedings of CAMI Symposium. Sweets & Zeitlinger, Lisse, The Netherlands. pp. 303-306.
CHUNG, J., TOPAL, E., and GHOSH, A.K. 2016. Where to make the transition from open-pit to underground? Using integer programming. Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, vol. 116, no. 8.