Periodontal disease and non-communicable diseases. Strength of bidirectional associations

Article English OPEN
Kassier, SM;
  • Publisher: The South African Dental Association (SADA)
  • Subject: cardiovascular disease | diabetes mellitus | periodontal disease | obesity | chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Periodontal disease (PD), along with cardiovascular and circulatory disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic respiratory disease and obesity, are globally regarded as some of the major non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The association between PD and these systemic illnesses ... View more
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