publication . Article . 2015

Fluorine: A key enabling element in the nuclear fuel cycle

Philippus L. Crouse;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Oct 2015 Journal: Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (eissn: 2411-9717, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Academy of Science of South Africa
Abstract
Fluorine - in the form of hydrofluoric acid, anhydrous hydrogen fluoride, elemental gaseous fluorine, fluoropolymers, volatile inorganic fluorides, and more - has played, and still plays, a major role in the nuclear industry. In order to enrich uranium, the metal has to be in the gaseous state. While more exotic methods are known, the standard and most cost-competitive way of achieving this is by means of uranium hexafluoride (UF6). This compound sublimates at low temperatures, and the vapour is enriched using centrifugal processes. The industrial preparation of uranium hexafluoride requires both elemental fluorine gas and anhydrous hydrogen fluoride (HF). HF is...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: flourine, hydrogen flouride, Waste management, Nuclear engineering, Fluorine, chemistry.chemical_element, chemistry, Materials science, Nuclear fuel cycle
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