Intervention pursuant to article 4(h) of the Constitutive Act of the African Union without United Nations Security Council authorisation
Publisher: Centre of Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria
Subject: United Nations | military intervention | authorisation | African Union
Article 4(h) of the Constitutive Act of the African Union (AU) establishes the right of the Union to intervene in a member state to prevent grave violations of human rights. It does not state whether the AU should request prior authorisation from the United Nations (UN)... View more
8 Resolution of the Security Council S/RES/1593 (2005), adopted on 31 March 2005.
9 Thirteenth ordinary session of the Assembly, Decision on the Meeting of African States Parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, 1-3 July 2009. See Assembly/AU/Dec.245(XIII) Rev 1 para 10.
10 See PSC/PR/COMM.2(CCLXV), Communiqué of the Peace and Security Council on 10 March 2011, para 6, where the PSC 'reaffirms its strong commitment to the respect of the unity and territorial integrity of Libya, as well as its rejection of any foreign military intervention, whatever its form'.
11 Echoing the AU, President Zuma stated: 'Critical to building a stronger relationship will be to avoid a situation such as that which transpired during the conflict in Libya. The AU's plan was completely ignored in favour of the bombing of Libya by NATO forces.' See Statement of President Zuma before the Security Council on the 6702nd meeting of the Council S/PV.6702 3.
12 A Acharya 'Norm subsidiarity and regional orders: Sovereignty, regionalism and rule making in the Third World' (2011) 55 International Studies Quarterly 97.
13 U Villani 'Les rapports entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales dans le domaine de maintien de la paix' (2001) 290 Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law 239.
14 President Wilson's Address at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, 27 September 1918, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F20916F73E 5511738DDDA10A94D1405B888DF1D3 (accessed 20 December 2013).
15 JM Yepes 'Les accords régionaux et le droit international' (1947) 71 Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law 259.
22 L Goodrich et al Charter of the United Nations: Commentary and documents (1969) 365.