publication . Article . 2012

A Direct Comparison of Local-Global Integration in Autism and other Developmental Disorders: Implications for the Central Coherence Hypothesis

Inês Bernardino; Susana Mouga; Joana Almeida; Marieke van Asselen; Guiomar Oliveira; Guiomar Oliveira; Miguel Castelo-Branco;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2012 Journal: PLoS ONE, volume 7, issue 6 (eissn: 1932-6203, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science
  • Country: Portugal
Abstract
The weak central coherence hypothesis represents one of the current explanatory models in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Several experimental paradigms based on hierarchical figures have been used to test this controversial account. We addressed this hypothesis by testing central coherence in ASD (n = 19 with intellectual disability and n = 20 without intellectual disability), Williams syndrome (WS, n = 18), matched controls with intellectual disability (n = 20) and chronological age-matched controls (n = 20). We predicted that central coherence should be most impaired in ASD for the weak central coherence account to hold true. An alternative account includes ...
Subjects
free text keywords: Perturbação Autística, Perturbações do Desenvolvimento, Research Article, Biology, Neuroscience, Neuropsychology, Medicine, Mental Health, Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Experimental Psychology, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Behavior, R, Science, Q, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine, Coherence (physics), Autism, medicine.disease, Visual perception, Perception, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Intellectual disability, Autism spectrum disorder, Williams syndrome, Cognition
Funded by
FCT| PTDC/PSI-PCO/108208/2008
Project
PTDC/PSI-PCO/108208/2008
Neural correlates of implicit contextual cueing: the role of the basal ganglia
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 108208
  • Funding stream: 5876-PPCDTI
,
FCT| PIC/IC/82986/2007
Project
PIC/IC/82986/2007
Vision and action processing in neurodevelopmental disorders: from disease mechanisms to new interventional strategies
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 82986
  • Funding stream: 5876-PPCDTI
,
FCT| PTDC/SAU-NEU/68483/2006
Project
PTDC/SAU-NEU/68483/2006
Retinocortical visual processing in normal and pathological aging and neurodevelopment
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 68483
  • Funding stream: 5876-PPCDTI
55 references, page 1 of 4

1. Frith U (1989) Autism: explaining the enigma. Oxford, UK; Cambridge, MA, USA: Basil Blackwell. x, 204 p.

2. Association AP (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental Disorders. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Press.

3. Kanner L (1943) Autistic Disturbances of Affective Contact. Nervous Child 2: 217-250.

4. Plaisted K, O'Riordan M, Baron-Cohen S (1998) Enhanced visual search for a conjunctive target in autism: a research note. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 39: 777-783.

5. Keehn B, Brenner L, Palmer E, Lincoln AJ, Muller RA (2008) Functional brain organization for visual search in ASD. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 14: 990-1003. [OpenAIRE]

6. Joseph RM, Keehn B, Connolly C, Wolfe JM, Horowitz TS (2009) Why is visual search superior in autism spectrum disorder? Dev Sci 12: 1083-1096.

7. Shah A, Frith U (1993) Why do autistic individuals show superior performance on the block design task? J Child Psychol Psychiatry 34: 1351-1364. [OpenAIRE]

8. Happe FG (1994) Wechsler IQ profile and theory of mind in autism: a research note. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 35: 1461-1471. [OpenAIRE]

9. Deruelle C, Rondan C, Salle-Collemiche X, Bastard-Rosset D, Da Fonseca D (2008) Attention to low- and high-spatial frequencies in categorizing facial identities, emotions and gender in children with autism. Brain Cogn 66: 115- 123.

10. Dakin S, Frith U (2005) Vagaries of visual perception in autism. Neuron 48: 497-507. [OpenAIRE]

11. Deruelle C, Rondan C, Gepner B, Tardif C (2004) Spatial frequency and face processing in children with autism and Asperger syndrome. J Autism Dev Disord 34: 199-210. [OpenAIRE]

12. Frith U, Happe F (1994) Autism: beyond "theory of mind". Cognition 50: 115- 132. [OpenAIRE]

13. Caron MJ, Mottron L, Berthiaume C, Dawson M (2006) Cognitive mechanisms, specificity and neural underpinnings of visuospatial peaks in autism. Brain 129: 1789-1802.

14. Shah A, Frith U (1983) An islet of ability in autistic children: a research note. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 24: 613-620.

15. Mottron L, Burack JA, Iarocci G, Belleville S, Enns JT (2003) Locally oriented perception with intact global processing among adolescents with highfunctioning autism: evidence from multiple paradigms. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 44: 904-913. [OpenAIRE]

55 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
The weak central coherence hypothesis represents one of the current explanatory models in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Several experimental paradigms based on hierarchical figures have been used to test this controversial account. We addressed this hypothesis by testing central coherence in ASD (n = 19 with intellectual disability and n = 20 without intellectual disability), Williams syndrome (WS, n = 18), matched controls with intellectual disability (n = 20) and chronological age-matched controls (n = 20). We predicted that central coherence should be most impaired in ASD for the weak central coherence account to hold true. An alternative account includes ...
Subjects
free text keywords: Perturbação Autística, Perturbações do Desenvolvimento, Research Article, Biology, Neuroscience, Neuropsychology, Medicine, Mental Health, Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Experimental Psychology, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Behavior, R, Science, Q, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine, Coherence (physics), Autism, medicine.disease, Visual perception, Perception, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Intellectual disability, Autism spectrum disorder, Williams syndrome, Cognition
Funded by
FCT| PTDC/PSI-PCO/108208/2008
Project
PTDC/PSI-PCO/108208/2008
Neural correlates of implicit contextual cueing: the role of the basal ganglia
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 108208
  • Funding stream: 5876-PPCDTI
,
FCT| PIC/IC/82986/2007
Project
PIC/IC/82986/2007
Vision and action processing in neurodevelopmental disorders: from disease mechanisms to new interventional strategies
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 82986
  • Funding stream: 5876-PPCDTI
,
FCT| PTDC/SAU-NEU/68483/2006
Project
PTDC/SAU-NEU/68483/2006
Retinocortical visual processing in normal and pathological aging and neurodevelopment
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 68483
  • Funding stream: 5876-PPCDTI
55 references, page 1 of 4

1. Frith U (1989) Autism: explaining the enigma. Oxford, UK; Cambridge, MA, USA: Basil Blackwell. x, 204 p.

2. Association AP (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental Disorders. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Press.

3. Kanner L (1943) Autistic Disturbances of Affective Contact. Nervous Child 2: 217-250.

4. Plaisted K, O'Riordan M, Baron-Cohen S (1998) Enhanced visual search for a conjunctive target in autism: a research note. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 39: 777-783.

5. Keehn B, Brenner L, Palmer E, Lincoln AJ, Muller RA (2008) Functional brain organization for visual search in ASD. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 14: 990-1003. [OpenAIRE]

6. Joseph RM, Keehn B, Connolly C, Wolfe JM, Horowitz TS (2009) Why is visual search superior in autism spectrum disorder? Dev Sci 12: 1083-1096.

7. Shah A, Frith U (1993) Why do autistic individuals show superior performance on the block design task? J Child Psychol Psychiatry 34: 1351-1364. [OpenAIRE]

8. Happe FG (1994) Wechsler IQ profile and theory of mind in autism: a research note. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 35: 1461-1471. [OpenAIRE]

9. Deruelle C, Rondan C, Salle-Collemiche X, Bastard-Rosset D, Da Fonseca D (2008) Attention to low- and high-spatial frequencies in categorizing facial identities, emotions and gender in children with autism. Brain Cogn 66: 115- 123.

10. Dakin S, Frith U (2005) Vagaries of visual perception in autism. Neuron 48: 497-507. [OpenAIRE]

11. Deruelle C, Rondan C, Gepner B, Tardif C (2004) Spatial frequency and face processing in children with autism and Asperger syndrome. J Autism Dev Disord 34: 199-210. [OpenAIRE]

12. Frith U, Happe F (1994) Autism: beyond "theory of mind". Cognition 50: 115- 132. [OpenAIRE]

13. Caron MJ, Mottron L, Berthiaume C, Dawson M (2006) Cognitive mechanisms, specificity and neural underpinnings of visuospatial peaks in autism. Brain 129: 1789-1802.

14. Shah A, Frith U (1983) An islet of ability in autistic children: a research note. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 24: 613-620.

15. Mottron L, Burack JA, Iarocci G, Belleville S, Enns JT (2003) Locally oriented perception with intact global processing among adolescents with highfunctioning autism: evidence from multiple paradigms. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 44: 904-913. [OpenAIRE]

55 references, page 1 of 4
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publication . Article . 2012

A Direct Comparison of Local-Global Integration in Autism and other Developmental Disorders: Implications for the Central Coherence Hypothesis

Inês Bernardino; Susana Mouga; Joana Almeida; Marieke van Asselen; Guiomar Oliveira; Guiomar Oliveira; Miguel Castelo-Branco;